The modernization of higher education through the development of research and innovation capacities corresponds to the current development strategy of the Kingdom of Cambodia and faces several challenges.
Needs in terms of Resources and Skills
The development of a policy of research and innovation in humanities and the learning of foreign languages would make it possible to overcome the lack of capacities and resources of Cambodian higher education system.
These shortcomings, caused by a past marked by civil war and years of French occupation in the area, have made writings across the humanities only available in foreign languages. Thus, one of the priorities is to create a pool of Cambodian teachers and researchers capable of thinking of these issues, producing resources and books, and disseminating them in Khmer language.
In addition, Cambodia needs to develop the human resources skills and qualifications in higher education. It is important to support technical and administrative staff who can not benefit from specific training in computer science, database management and management of administrative and financial tools for education and research projects.
Cambodia’s socio-economic development
The develoment of research in the Humanities, particularly in the field of archeology and anthropology, is a current priority linked to the socio-economic development of the country through tourism.
Tourism represents an important economic added value for Cambodia. This sector relies particularly on Cambodia’s rich history and cultural heritage. As a consequence, it depends on the country’s ability to preserve the quality of its cultural and intagible heritage.
Internationalize higher education
Another major challenge is the credibility and scientific recognition of Cambodian research.
These goals can only be achieved with practices and results that meet international standards. This implies facilitating the integration of Cambodian higher education and research institutions into regional and international scientific networks.