Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MOEYS) - Cambodia
The Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport’s vision is to establish and develop hu-man resources of very highest quality and ethics in order to develop a knowledge-based society in Cambodia. In order to achieve the above vision, the ministry has the mission of leading, managing and developing the Education, Youth and Sport sector in Cambodia in response to the socio-economic and cultural development needs of its people and the reality of regionalization and globalization.
The ASEAN integration in 2015 and the desire of Cambodia to be a middle-income country by 2030 require considerable investment in education. Both professional and well qualified human resources and financial resources are required (highly successful ASEAN countries have grown in part as a result of the high level of education investment often in excess of 5% of gross domestic product GDP).
MoEYS recognizes the importance of making the whole of the sector work together in order to respond to the social and economic demands. The focus of the Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2014 – 2018 is on consolidating the gains already made in the previous ESP periods, reaching out to the most disadvantaged, and providing learning that is of high quality and relevance to the Nation, all delivered professionally and accountably in order to lay the foundation for knowledge and skills based economy. The sector will develop its sector-wide quality assurance framework based on learning and service delivery standards that respond to the needs of children, communities and the labor market
1. The long-term objective of the MoEYS is to achieve the holistic development of Cambodia’s young people in all sectors. In addition, the Ministry intends to engender a sense of national and civic pride, high moral and ethical standards, and a strong belief in young people’s responsibility for the country and its citizens.
2. The immediate objective of MoEYS is to ensure that all Cambodian children and youth have equal opportunity to have access to quality education consistent with the Constitution and the Royal Government’s commitment to the UN Child Rights Convention, regardless of social status, geography, ethnicity, religion, language, gender and physical form. The Ministry envisages a time when graduates from all its institutions will meet regional and international standards and will be competitive in the job markets worldwide and act as engines for social and economic development in Cambodia.
Education Sector policies
The following policies were developed under the Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2014-2018
Policy 1: Ensuring equitable access for all to education services
• All children have access to all types of ECE services, primary schools and lower secondary schools and then opportunities to continue learning. For children who do not have access to formal education, alternatives will be provided.
• Increase the number of children and youth that have access to all education levels with a focused attention on equity and access for the most disadvantaged areas and groups of children.
• Increase opportunities for children to finish 12 years of education with good knowledge and reasoning and logic skills who can build on these skills and knowledge through technical training, higher education, and other means.
Policy 2: Enhancing the quality and relevance of learning
• All children and youth have a relevant and quality learning experience enabling them to contribute effectively to the growth of the Nation.
• Ensure learning is of high quality and relates learning to socio-economic goals of the country.
• Develop a quality framework that provides learners, parents, communities, teachers and managers with outcome standards and monitor and report against these.
Policy 3: Ensuring effective leadership and management of education staff at all levels
• Education services are provided effectively and flexibly. Efficient and professional management provides best value (with a focus on results), timely and relevant monitoring and reporting of results with effective feedback and mechanisms for adjustment to policy, strategy and programs.
A major challenge for the coming years will be to address the mismatch between the needs of the labor market in terms of skills, critical thinking ability and knowledge and the current products on the market. This will require better understanding of the labor market, better coordination and links with industry and better information for students so that they can select appropriate courses. Maintaining high quality programs, which requires an internationally acceptable certification within an affordable pricing structure, is also a challenge. Further work and increased resources will be required to ensure that more talented students from disadvantaged backgrounds can have access to higher education through scholarship programs or possibly student loan schemes.
The Government has recognized the importance of providing opportunities in higher education and the importance to assuring relevance and quality. ASEAN integration will provide opportunities
The role of MoEYS in the project
The MoEYS will provide expertise to its partners: the Royal University of Fine Arts, the Royal University of Phnom Penh and the National Institute of Education of Cambodia, along with the following activities :
- Production of a detailed guide of practices in the field of research and innovation with a specific focus on human sciences and language didactics.
- Creation of an interuniversity research center in human sciences
- Reflections for the establishment of a doctoral school
The MoEYS will participate in the realization and the follow-up of the whole project via the pilot committee and the monitoring committee.
Visit the website of the MoEYS: www.moeys.gov.kh